AfyaStoryline Weekly Editions, E9: Harmless Microbes In Our Bodies Turning Pathogenic
A fungus Candida albicans found on vagina and GIT and bacteria Helicobacter pylori, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli found in GIT are just examples of Normal flora. These are microbes that live naturally in our body harmlessly. They in one way or the other have significant physiological functions to the body unless they turn pathogenic. But how does this happen?
This pathogenicity of initially harmless microbes arises when there is imbalance. The pathogenic one outweighing the normal flora. It due to many factors exposed to the body that makes this microbes be lethal to their own hosts.
Not properly digesting your food, in addition to things like a diet too high in sugar or refined carbohydrates (or even alcohol), leads to an overgrowth of harmful, unfriendly bacteria in your gut.
Another pathogen called candida albicans, a yeast or fungus that’s a common member of the normal human gut flora and on your skin. When it’s levels are in check it can actually have some health promoting properties, but the issue arises because candida is an opportunist and can easily rise in numbers to “takeover” your intestinal tract.Candida can break down and penetrate the gut mucosa (the gut lining that hosts our largest collection of immune cells), leading to leaky gut and enabling it to spread throughout the body.
Various health effects may occur as a result of this imbalance . Common symptoms of gut disruptions may include bloating, stool changes, and heartburn. Other perhaps less obvious impacts of a gut microbiome imbalance may be:
• mood swings, as well as mental health conditions such as depression or anxiety
• skin disorders, such as eczema
• cardiovascular diseases
• liver diseases
• oral health problems, such as tooth decay.
If you suspect a gut imbalance could be affecting your overall health, you may consider talking with your doctor about possible microbiome testing.
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