AfyaStoryline Weekly Edition, E10: BIPOLAR DISORDER.
March 30, was World Bipolar Disorder Day, This disorder also known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activities, concentration, sleep and thinking. People who have bipolar disorder can have periods in which they feel overly happy and energized and other periods of feeling very sad, hopeless, and sluggish. The two personalities of this disorder is called Maniac and Depressive
.COMMON SYMPTOMS OF MANIAC EPISODES.
1. Being very happy
2. “acting out” or misbehaving
3. Taking part in risky behaviors, like substance use
4. Having trouble sleeping, without signs of fatigue or being tired
5. Having a very short temper
6. Having trouble staying focused, or getting distracted easily
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
1. Sleeping too much or too little
2. Eating too much or too little
3. Feeling very sad and showing little excitability
4. Withdrawing from activities and friends
5. Thinking or talking about death and suicide
Sometimes, a person with severe episodes of mania or depression may experience psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations or delusions. The psychotic symptoms tend to match the person’s extreme mood. For example:
1.People having psychotic symptoms during a manic episode may have the unrealistic belief that they are famous, have a lot of money, or have special powers.
2. People having psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode may falsely believe they are financially ruined and penniless, have committed a crime, or have an unrecognized serious illness.
CAUSES OF BIPOLAR DISORDER.
There is no single cause of bipolar disorder. Researchers are studying how a few factors may lead to it in some people.
For example, sometimes it can simply be a matter of genetics, meaning you have it because it runs in your family.
It’s not just what’s in your body that can affect your chances of developing bipolar disorder. Outside factors can also play a part. These might include:a. Traumatic experiencesb. Extreme stressc. Physical illness
TREATMENT OF BIPOLAR DISORDER.
1. Medications. Often, you’ll need to start taking medications to balance your moods right away.
2. Continued treatment. Bipolar disorder requires lifelong treatment with medications, even during periods when you feel better. People who skip maintenance treatment are at high risk of a relapse of symptoms or having minor mood changes turn into full-blown mania or depression.
3. Hospitalization. Your doctor may recommend hospitalization if you’re behaving dangerously, you feel suicidal or you become detached from reality (psychotic). Getting psychiatric treatment at a hospital can help keep you calm and safe and stabilize your mood, whether you’re having a manic or major depressive episode.AfyaFitness20Quality Affordable Trusted Healthcare.